Solids and Metals - Specific Gravity 

Product Specific Gravity - SG
Aluminum min. 2.55
Aluminum max. 2.8
Asbestos min. 2.1
Asbestos max. 2.8
Barite 4.5
Basalt rock min. 3.5
Basalt rock max. 3.2
Bismuth 9.8
Borax min. 1.7
Borax min. 1.8
Boron 2.32
Brass. cast rolled 8.4 - 8.7
Brick 8.65
Bronze. aluminum 7.7
Bronze. phosphor 8.88
Bronze. 7.9 - 14% Sn 7.4 - 8.9
Calcium 4.58
Carbon min. 1.8
Carbon max. 2.1
Chromium 7.1
Clay min. 1.8
Clay max. 2.6
Coal min 0.64
Coal max 0.93
Cobalt 8.9
Copper min. 8.8
Copper max. 8.95
Diamond 3.51
Dolomite rock 2.9
Epoxy 1.8
Glass min. 2.4
Glass max. 2.8
Glass crystal min. 2.9
Glass crystal max. 3
Glass plate min. 2.45
Glass plate max. 2.72
Granite min. 2.4
Granite max. 2.7
Gold 19.3
Gold. US coin 17.18 - 17.2
Hematite 5.2
Hornblende 3
Iridium min. 21.78
Iridium max. 22.42
Iron cast min. 7.03
Iron cast max. 7.13
Iron wrought min. 7.6
Iron wrought max. 7.9
Limestone min. 2.1
Limestone max. 2.86
Lead 11.34
Magnetite 3.2
Manganese 7.42
Magnesium 1.74
Marble min. 2.6
Marble max. 2.86
Mercury 13.546
Molybdenum 10.2
Nickel 8.9
Platinum 21.45
Potassium 0.86
Quarts min. 2.5
Quarts max. 2.8
Sandstone min. 2
Sandstone max. 2.6
Serpentine min. 2.7
Serpentine max. 2.8
Silver min. 10.4
Silver max. 10.6
Silver. German 8.58
Sodium 0.97
Steel 7.8
Talc min. 2.6
Talc max. 2.8
Tar 1.2
Tellurium min. 6
Tellurium max. 6.24
Tin min. 7.2
Tin max. 7.5
Titanium 4.5
Tungsten 19.22
Uranium 18.7
Vanadium 5.96
Vinyl ester 1.8
Wood min 0.35
Wood max 0.99
Wool 1.32
Zinc blend min 3.9
Zinc blend max 4.2
Zinc min. 6.9
Zinc max. 7.2

Liquids and Fluids - Specific Gravity - SG

Product Temperature Specific Gravity
SG 1)
oF oC
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO 61
68
16.1
20
0.79
0.76
Acetic acid 5% - vinegar  59 15 1.006
Acetic acid - 10% 59 15 1.014
Acetic acid - 50% 59 15 1.061
Acetic acid - 80% 59 15 1.075
Acetic acid - concentrated 59 15 1.055
Acetic acid anhydride (CH3COO)2O 59 15 1.087
Acetone CH3COCH3 68 20 0.792
Alcohol - allyl 68 20 0.855
Alcohol - butyl-n 68
158
20
70
0.81
0.78
Alcohol - ethyl (grain) C2H5OH  68
104
20
40
0.789
0.772
Alcohol - methyl (wood) CH3OH  68 20 0.79
Alcohol - propyl  68
32
20
0
0.804
0.817
Aluminum sulfate 36% solution  60 15.6 1.055
Ammonia   0 -17.8 0.662
Aniline 68
32
20
0
1.022
1.035
Automotive crankcase oils
SAE-5W/10W/20W/30W/40W/50W
60 15.6 0.88-0.94
Automotive gear oils
SAE-75W/80W/85W/90W/140W/150W
60 15.6 0.88-0.94
Beer 60 15.6 1.01
Benzene (benzol) C6H6 32
60
0
15.6
0.899
0.885
Bone oil 60 15.6 0.918
Boric acid H3BO3 46.4
59
8
15
1.014
1.025
Bromine 32 0 2.9
Butane-n 60 15.6 0.584
Butyric acid  68 20 0.959
Calcium chloride 5% 65 18.3 1.040
Calcium chloride 25% 60 15.6 1.23
Carbolic acid (phenol) 65 18.3 1.08
Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 68 20 1.594
Carbon disulfide CS2 32
68
0
20
1.293
1.263
Castor Oil 68
104
20
40
0.96
0.95
China wood oil 60 15.6 0.943
Chloroform 68
140
20
60
1.489
1.413
Coconut oil 60 15.6 0.925
Cod liver oil  59 15 0.920-0.925
Corn oil 60 15.6 0.924
Cotton seed oil 60 15.6 0.88-0.93
Creosote 60 15.6 1.04-1.10
Crude oil 48o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.79
0.76
Crude oil 40o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.825
0.805
Crude oil 35.6o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.847
0.824
Crude oil 32.6o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.832
0.84
Crude oil Salt creek 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.843
0.82
Decane-n  68 20 0.73
Diethylene glycol 60 15.6 1.12
Diethyl ether 68 20 0.714
Diphenylamine     1.16
Diesel Fuel Oil 2D/3D/4D/5D 60 15.6 0.81 - 0.96
Dowtherm 77 25 1.056
Ethyl acetate CH3COOC2H3 59
68
15
20
0.907
0.90
Ethyl bromide C2H3Br 59 15 1.45
Ethylene bromide 68 20 2.18
Ethylene chloride 68 20 1.246
Ethylene glycol 60 15.6 1.125
Formic acid - 10% 68 20 1.025
Formic acid - 50% 68 20 1.121
Formic acid - 80% 68 20 1.186
Formic acid - concentrated 68 20 1.221
Freon - 11 70 21.1 1.49
Freon - 12 70 21.1 1.33
Freon - 21 70 21.1 1.37
Furfurol 68 20 1.159
Fuel oils 1/2/3/5A/5B/6 60 15.6 0.82-0.95
Gas oils 60 15.6 0.89
Gasoline a  60 15.6 0.74
Gasoline b 60 15.6 0.72
Gasoline c  60 15.6 0.68
Glycerin 100% 68 20 1.26
Glycerin 50% water 68 20 1.13
Glucose 60 15.6 1.35-1.44
Heptane-n 60 15.6 0.688
Hexane-n 60 15.6 0.664
Ink printers 60 15.6 1.0-1.4
Kerosene 60 15.6 0.78-0.82
Jet fuel 60 15.6 0.82
Lard 60 15.6 0.96
Lard oil 60 15.6 0.91-0.93
Linseed oil  60 15.6 0.92-0.94
Mercury 60 15.6 13.6
Methyl acetate 68 20 0.93
Methyl iodide 68 20 2.28
Milk 60 15.6 1.02-1.05
Molasses A first 60 15.6 1.40-1.46
Molasses B second 60 15.6 1.43-1.48
Molasses C blackstrap 60 15.6 1.46-1.49
Naphthalene 68 20 1.145
Neatsfoot oil 60 15.6 0.917
Nitrobentzene 68
59
20
15
1.203
1.205
Nonane-n 60
68
15.6
20
0.722
0.718
Octane-n 60 15.6 0.707
Olive oil 60 15.6 0.91 - 0.92
Palm oil 60 15.6 0.924
Peanut oil 60 15.6 0.92
Pentane-n 32
60
0
15.6
0.650
0.631
Potassium hydrate     1.24
Sodium chloride     1.19
Sodium hydrate     1.27
Tuluol     0.87
Turpentine     0.87
Water. fresh     1
Water. sea 36 oF     1.02
Xylene     0.87

Gases - Specific Gravities

Gas

Specific Gravity 1)
- SG -

Acetylene (ethyne) - C2H2 0.907
Air1) 1.000
Ammonia - NH3 0.596
Argon - A 1.379
Butadiene  1.869
Butane - C4H10 2.067
Carbon dioxide - CO2  1.529
Carbon monoxide - CO 0.967
Chlorine - Cl2 2.486
Cyclobutane 1.938
Cyclopentane 2.422
Cyclopropane 1.451
Decane 4.915
Ethane - C2H6 1.049
Ethylene (Ethene) - C2H4 0.975
Helium - He 0.138
Heptane 3.459
Hexane 2.973
Hydrogen 0.070
Hydrogen chloride - HCl 1.268
Hydrogen sulfide - H2S 1.190
Methane - CH4 0.554
Natural Gas (typical) 0.660
Nitric oxide - NO 1.037
Nitrogen - N2 0.967
Nitrous oxide - N2O 1.530
Nonane 4.428
Octane 3.944
Oxygen - O2 1.105
Pentane 2.487
Propane - C3H8 1.562
Propene (Propylene) - C3H6 1.451
Sulfur Dioxide - SO2 2.264
Toluene-Methylbenzene 3.176

1) NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure - is defined as air at 20oC (293.15 K, 68F) and 1 atm ( 101.325 kN/m2, 101.325 kPa, 14.7 psia, 0 psig, 30 in Hg, 760 torr)

Since specific gravity is the ratio between the density (mass per unit volume) of the actual gas and the density of air, specific gravity has no dimension.

Specific Gravity - Liquids

Fluid Temperature
(oC)
Specific Gravity
SG
Acetic Acid Acetone 25 1.052
Alcohol, ethyl 25 0.787
Alcohol, methyl 25 0.789
Alcohol, propyl 25 0.802
Ammonia (aqua) 25 0.826
Aniline 25 1.022
Benzene 25 0.876
Benzil 25 1.084
Bromine 25 3.12
Butane 25 0.601
Caproic acid 25 0.924
Carbolic acid 15 0.959
Carbon disulfide 25 1.265
Carbon tetrachloride 25 1.589
Carene 25 0.860
Oil, Castor 25 0.959
Chloride 25 1.56
Chloroform 25 1.469
Citric acid 25 1.665
Oil, Coconut 15 0.927
Oil, Cotton Seed 15 0.929
Cresol 25 1.027
Creosote 15 1.070
Crude oil, California 60oF 0.918
Crude oil, Mexican 60oF 0.976
Crude oil, Texas 60oF 0.876
Cumene 25 0.862
Decane 25 0.728
Dodecane 25 0.757
Ethane -89 0.572
Ether 25 0.716
Ethylamine 16 0.683
Ethylene glycol 25 1.100
Fluorine refrigerant R-12 25 1.315
Formaldehyde 45 0.815
Fuel oil 60oF 0.893
Furan 25 1.421
Furforal 25 1.159
Gasoline, natural 60oF 0.713
Gasoline, Vehicle 60oF 0.739
Glycerin 25 1.263
Glycerol 25 1.129
Heptane 25 0.681
Hexane 25 0.657
Hexanol 25 0.813
Hexene 25 0.673
Hydrazine 25 0.797
Kerosene 60oF 0.820
Linolenic Acid 25 0.902
Oil, Linseed 25 0.932
Mercury 25 13.63
Methane -164 0.466
Milk   1.035
Naphtha, Petroleum Naphtha 15 0.667
Wood 25 0.701
Napthalene 25 0.963
Nonanol 25 0.823
Octane   0.921
Oil, Olive 15 0.703
Oxygen -192 0.199
Palmitic Acid 25 0.853
Pentane 25 0.755
Phenol 25 1.075
Phosgene 0 1.381
Phytadiene 25 0.826
Pinene 25 0.858
Propane -40 0.585
Propane, R-290 25 0.495
Propane 25 0.806
Propylene 25 0.516
Propylene glycol 25 0.968
Pyridine 25 0.982
Parole 25 0.969
Resorcinol 25 1.272
Sabiname 25 0.814
Sea water 25 1.028
Silane 25 0.719
Sorbaldehyde 25 0.898
Stearic Acid 25 0.941
Styrene 25 0.906
Terpinene 25 0.850
Toluene 25 0.865
Turpentine 25 0.871
Water, pure 212oF 1.000
Water, sea 77oF 1.025